A battalion of volunteers from New Jersey assisted during the Mexican-American War. They were active from 1847 to 1848 and divided among four companies. The battalion assisted during the Battle of Contreras and the Battle of Churubusco.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · The Battle at Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties of the entire Civil war and is often described as the war's turning point. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers lost their lives during the three-day Battle. To honor the fallen soldiers, President Abraham Lincoln read his historic Gettysburg Address and helped those listening by redefining the purpose of the war.
1 English: nickname for a person with a cheerful disposition, from Middle English seely ‘happy’, ‘fortunate’ (Old English sǣlig, from sǣl ‘happiness’, ‘good fortune’). The word was also occasionally used as a female personal name during the Middle Ages. The sense ‘pitiable’, which developed into modern English silly, is not attested before the 15th century.2 Altered form of German Seele , respelled to preserve the bisyllabic pronunciation of the German name.