Texas pioneers seek independence from Mexico in 1835, achieving it in March 1836. Santa Anna defeated and forced to recognize independence of Texas. Spain and Vatican recognize Mexican republic in 1836.
Anastasio Bustamante becomes president, initiating a process of centralization.
Conservative rebellion against Bustamante. Santa Anna's dictatorship.
Portuguese: from a patronymic form of the personal name Álvaro ( see Alvaro ).