Garfield was shot twice by Charles J. Guitea at Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. After eleven weeks of intensive and other care Garfield died in Elberon, New Jersey, the second of four presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
1881 · Kansas Prohibits Alcoholic Beverages
Kansas became the first state to adopt a constitutional amendment which prohibited all alcoholic beverages on February 19, 1881.
1882 · The Chinese Exclusion Act
A federal law prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers. The Act was the first law to prevent all members of a national group from immigrating to the United States.
1 Irish: reduced form of O’Shields , an alternative Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Siadhail‘descendant of Siadhal’.2 Northern English and Scottish: habitational name from a pair of places in Northumberland and County Durham (now both in Tyne and Wear) called North and South Shields, named with Middle English schele ‘shed’, ‘hut’, ‘shelter’. There has been much confusion between Shields and Shield and their variants.