The First War of Scottish Independence began after England invaded Scotland in 1296. The Treaty of Edinburgh was signed in 1328 which declared peace between the two kingdoms and brought the war to an end.
1337 · The Hundred Years' War
The Hundred Years' War between France and England was largely due to the question of legitimate succession to the French crown.
1382 · Wycliffe's Bible
John Wycliffe, English theologian and professor at the University of Oxford, completed a translation of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate into Middle English. This translation is known as Wycliffe's Bible and was completed around 1382.
1 Irish: reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÓileáin, a variant of Ó hAoláin, from a form of Faolán (with loss of the initial F-), a personal name representing a diminutive of faol ‘wolf’. Compare Whelan .2 English and Scottish: habitational name from Holland, a division of Lincolnshire, or any of the eight villages in various parts of England so called, from Old English hōh ‘ridge’ + land ‘land’. The Scottish name may also be from places called Holland in Orkney, Houlland in Shetland, Hollandbush in Stirlingshire, and Holland-Hirst in the parish of Kirkintilloch.3 English, German, Jewish (Ashkenazic), Danish, and Dutch: regional name from Holland, a province of the Netherlands.