When Tom P. Hayes was born in 1891, in Texas, United States, his father, Charlie S Hayes, was 38 and his mother, Laura Smith, was 38. He died on 4 June 1953, in Plainview, Hale, Texas, United States, at the age of 62.
1894 · Texas Files Lawsuit Against Standard Oil Company
Under the direction of Governor Jim Hogg, Texas filed a lawsuit against John D. Rockefeller for violating state monopoly laws. Hogg argued that Standard Oil Company and Water-Piece Oil Company of Missouri were engaged in illegal practices like price fixing, rebates, and consolidation. Rockefeller was indicted, but never tried in a court of law; other employees of his company were convicted as guilty.
1896 · Plessy vs. Ferguson
A landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court upholding the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities if the segregated facilities were equal in quality. It's widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history.
1908 · The Bureau of Investigation is formed
Known as the National Bureau of Criminal Identification, The Bureau of Investigation helped agencies across the country identify different criminals. President Roosevelt instructed that there be an autonomous investigative service that would report only to the Attorney General.
1 Irish: reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAodha ‘descendant of Aodh’, a personal name meaning ‘fire’ ( compare McCoy ). In some cases, especially in County Wexford, the surname is of English origin (see below), having been taken to Ireland by the Normans.2 English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Devon and Worcestershire, so called from the plural of Middle English hay ‘enclosure’ ( see Hay 1), or a topographic name from the same word.3 English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Dorset, Greater London (formerly in Kent and Middlesex), and Worcestershire, so called from Old English hǣse ‘brushwood’, or a topographic name from the same word.