1653 · Visit of the Fifth Dalai Lama
Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso was the Fifth Dalai Lama, a spiritual leader over Tibet. In a historic movie, the Fifth Dalai Lama embarked on a nine month journey to Beijing to establish diplomatic relationships with the Qing Dynasty of China. The Shunzhi Emperor (only 13-14 years old at the time) officially met with the Dalai Lama in January of 1653.
1673 · Revolt of the Three Feudatories
The provinces of Yunnan, Fujian, and Guangdong led a revolt against the Qing government, starting in 1673. There were issues in the early years of the Qing Dynasty that prevented the rulers from maintaining direct control of the southern provinces. The government appointed generals of the former Ming Dynasty to help maintain control. Wu Sangui was granted the right to govern Yunnan and Guizhou, Shang Kexi was put in charge of Guangdong, and Geng Zhongming was given Fujian. After political disagreements, Wu Sangui declared his own dynasty (Zhou) and began a rebellion based on opposing the Qing Dynasty and restoring the Ming; others soon followed his lead. Ultimately, the rebellion was suppressed after several years. Many of the rebels were executed or driven to exile.
1689 · Treaty of Nerchinsk
The first treaty between China and Russia was the Treaty of Nerchinsk (August 27, 1689). The treaty stated that Russia was allowed to keep the region between the Argun River and Lake Baikal, while China would get the area north of the Amur River through the Stanovoy Range.