When Charles William Martin was born in 1878, in Winfield, Cowley, Kansas, United States, his father, Charles G. Martin, was 26 and his mother, Emily Anne "Emma" Morris, was 21. He married Callie Nancy Garrett on 7 October 1903, in Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States. He lived in Anthony, Harper, Kansas, United States in 1880 and Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, United States in 1910.
Garfield was shot twice by Charles J. Guitea at Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. After eleven weeks of intensive and other care Garfield died in Elberon, New Jersey, the second of four presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
1881 · Kansas Prohibits Alcoholic Beverages
Kansas became the first state to adopt a constitutional amendment which prohibited all alcoholic beverages on February 19, 1881.
1909 · The NAACP is formed
Organized as a civil rights organization, The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a bi-racial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans. It is one of the oldest civil rights organizations in the nation.
1 English, Scottish, Irish, French, Dutch, German, Czech, Slovak, Spanish (Martín), Italian (Venice), etc.: from a personal name (Latin Martinus, a derivative of Mars, genitive Martis, the Roman god of fertility and war, whose name may derive ultimately from a root mar ‘gleam’). This was borne by a famous 4th-century saint, Martin of Tours, and consequently became extremely popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. As a North American surname, this form has absorbed many cognates from other European forms.2 English: habitational name from any of several places so called, principally in Hampshire, Lincolnshire, and Worcestershire, named in Old English as ‘settlement by a lake’ (from mere or mær ‘pool’, ‘lake’ + tūn ‘settlement’) or as ‘settlement by a boundary’ (from (ge)mære ‘boundary’ + tūn ‘settlement’). The place name has been charged from Marton under the influence of the personal name Martin.