1755 · Completion of the Puning Temple
The Puning Temple (also referred to as the Big Buddha Temple) was completed in 1755, while the Qing Dynasty was ruled by the Qianlong Emperor. It features drum and bell towers, elaborate pavilions, and large temple halls. The founding of the temple was used by the Qianlong Emperor to commemorate their recent victory over the Dzungar people.
The Qing Dynasty compiled the Siku Quanshu, which would become (and remains) the largest book collection in Chinese history. The Qianlong Emperor ordered the start of this monumental task in 1772. Initially, very few people handed in books voluntarily. The emperor issued a decree that stated the books would be returned and no punishment would be made for books containing negative opinions of the government. As a result, over 4,000-5,000 books were handed in; over 3,826 scribes helped to copy every single word from the collected books by hand. Ultimately, the emperor did not keep his promise to return the books. Over 2,855 books were banned, and 400-500 more were edited or censored. Disloyal scholars were executed and many books were burned.
The Jahriyya revolt was a series of violent acts in 1781 between the Jahriyya Sufi Muslims and the Khafiyya Sufi Muslims, who were considered their rivals. The Qing Dynasty intervened to try and stop the fighting, which resulting in the Jahriyya Sufi Muslims rebelling against the Qing Dynasty. The Qing were victorious and deported many of the rebels to Xinjiang. It is believed that corruption among officials may have contributed to the violent protests as well.