The Qing Dynasty compiled the Siku Quanshu, which would become (and remains) the largest book collection in Chinese history. The Qianlong Emperor ordered the start of this monumental task in 1772. Initially, very few people handed in books voluntarily. The emperor issued a decree that stated the books would be returned and no punishment would be made for books containing negative opinions of the government. As a result, over 4,000-5,000 books were handed in; over 3,826 scribes helped to copy every single word from the collected books by hand. Ultimately, the emperor did not keep his promise to return the books. Over 2,855 books were banned, and 400-500 more were edited or censored. Disloyal scholars were executed and many books were burned.
The Jahriyya revolt was a series of violent acts in 1781 between the Jahriyya Sufi Muslims and the Khafiyya Sufi Muslims, who were considered their rivals. The Qing Dynasty intervened to try and stop the fighting, which resulting in the Jahriyya Sufi Muslims rebelling against the Qing Dynasty. The Qing were victorious and deported many of the rebels to Xinjiang. It is believed that corruption among officials may have contributed to the violent protests as well.
1807 · Protestant Missions in China
Robert Morrison, an English missionary, arrived in China during 1807 and opened the doors for a long protestant engagement. The first several decades of missionary work involved very few missionaries in small, limited areas. After the Second Opium War in 1860, the entire country opened up to missionaries. Over the next several decades, thousands of men, women, and children would eventually come to China to live, work, and participate in missionary activity. Activity peaked in 1920s, and faced a sharp decline due to civil unrest and war consequences. The Chinese government would expel all Protestant missionaries by 1953.