1796 · White Lotus Rebellion
The White Lotus Rebellion began in 1794, when followers of the White Lotus movement rose up to protest taxes. The scope of the protest grew and gathered further support from a wide range of ordinary people. Eventually, the rebellion was large enough that the government became concerned. Despite a lack of organization, the rebels managed to score a defeat against Qing imperial forces. It wasn't until the 1800's began that the Qing dynasty changed tactics and began to suppress the rebellion. However, the conflict marked a negative turning point for the Qing Dynasty's dominance.
1807 · Protestant Missions in China
Robert Morrison, an English missionary, arrived in China during 1807 and opened the doors for a long protestant engagement. The first several decades of missionary work involved very few missionaries in small, limited areas. After the Second Opium War in 1860, the entire country opened up to missionaries. Over the next several decades, thousands of men, women, and children would eventually come to China to live, work, and participate in missionary activity. Activity peaked in 1920s, and faced a sharp decline due to civil unrest and war consequences. The Chinese government would expel all Protestant missionaries by 1953.
1813 · Eight Trigrams Uprising of 1813
The Sect of the Heavenly Order, commonly known as the leaders of the Eight Trigram Sect, declared 1813 as the year for rebellion. Their goal was to remove the Qing Dynasty, whom they believed had lost the "Mandate of Heaven" to rule; they should appoint their own religious leaders in their place. After winning support, the group attacked the imperial palace in Beijing on September 15, 1813. While the attack initially appeared promising, Prince Mianning used a forbidden musket to fend off the invaders, causing the rebels to flee. Many more rebels were captured or killed. The government ultimately suppressed the revolt.