Napoleon abdicated his throne and Italy was broken up into small kingdoms.
Small revolutions in the kingdoms. Venice, Rome and Tuscany declare themselves Republics.
Austria regains control of most of Italy.
Italian: from the personal name Lupo, in part a continuation of the Latin personal name Lupus ‘wolf’, and in part a medieval revival under the influence of Germanic personal names formed with wulf ‘wolf’. In some cases the surname may derive from a nickname for a violent, predatory person, from the vocabulary word lupo ‘wolf’.