U.S. acquires vast tracts of Mexican territory in wake of Mexican War including California and New Mexico.
1849 · Capitol Building Destroyed by Fire
The capitol building in Montgomery was destroyed by fire on December 14, 1849, the 30th anniversary of the state.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1 Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Colmáin ‘descendant of Colmán’. This was the name of an Irish missionary to Europe, generally known as St. Columban ( c.540–615 ), who founded the monastery of Bobbio in northern Italy in 614 . With his companion St. Gall, he enjoyed a considerable cult throughout central Europe, so that forms of his name were adopted as personal names in Italian (Columbano), French (Colombain), Czech (Kollman), and Hungarian (Kálmán). From all of these surnames are derived. In Irish and English, the name of this saint is identical with diminutives of the name of the 6th-century missionary known in English as St. Columba ( 521–97 ), who converted the Picts to Christianity, and who was known in Scandinavian languages as Kalman.2 Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Clumháin ‘descendant of Clumhán’, a personal name from the diminutive of clúmh ‘down’, ‘feathers’.3 English: occupational name for a burner of charcoal or a gatherer of coal, Middle English coleman, from Old English col ‘(char)coal’ + mann ‘man’.