Colonization grant given to Moses Austin to settle Texas. Plan of Iguala proclaims Mexican independence. Augustín de Iturbide and Spanish envoy sign Treaty of Córdoba recognizing Mexico's independence. treaty not honored by Spanish government, however.
Army of the Three Guarantees occupies Mexico City under Iturbide's command. Iturbide becomes emperor of Mexico as Agustín I. Iturbide deposed, and republic proclaimed by Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón.
Rebellion drives Guerrero from presidency. Immigration to Texas from United States prohibited but not enforced.
1 Mayan: nickname from Mayan pech ‘tick’.2 German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from Middle High German pech, German Pech ‘pitch’, ‘tar’, presumably a nickname for someone with exceptionally dark skin or hair, or a metonymic occupational name for someone who prepared, sold, or used pitch.3 Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname from German Pech, Polish pech ‘bad luck’.