Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · The Battle at Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties of the entire Civil war and is often described as the war's turning point. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers lost their lives during the three-day Battle. To honor the fallen soldiers, President Abraham Lincoln read his historic Gettysburg Address and helped those listening by redefining the purpose of the war.
1906 · Gary, Indiana, Is Founded
The town of Gary, Indiana, was founded by the United States Steel Corporation in 1906. The Gary Works steel mill was the largest integrated mill in North America. The city of Gary was named after Elbert Henry Gary who was the founding chairman of the United States Steel Corporation and American lawyer and county judge. Gary partnered with J.P. Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, and Charles M. Schwab to found the United States Steel Corporation.
1 English (chiefly Lancashire): occupational name for a herdsman, a variant of Herdman ( see Heard ). (The change of -er- to -ar- was a regular phonetic pattern in Old French and Middle English.)2 English: from an unattested Old English personal name Heardmann, composed of the elements heard ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’ + mann ‘man’. According to Reaney and Wilson, compound names with this second element became common in late Old English in eastern England.3 Irish: of English origin (see above), but sometimes confused with Harman .