Joel R Martin was born in September 1829, in New York, United States. He married Eunice A Cook on 22 October 1854, in Batavia, Branch, Michigan, United States. They were the parents of at least 2 sons. He lived in Bellevue, Yamhill, Oregon, United States in 1880 and McMinnville, Yamhill, Oregon, United States for about 10 years.
Historical Boundaries - 1844: Yamhill, Oregon Country, United States; 1846: Yamhill, Oregon Unorganized Federal Territory, United States; 1848: Yamhill, Oregon Territory, United States; 1859: Yamhill, Oregon, United States
1862 · The Homestead Act
The Homestead Act of 1862 gave each citizen 160 acres of land. The qualified applicants were required to build a home and cultivate the land for five years.
1 English, Scottish, Irish, French, Dutch, German, Czech, Slovak, Spanish (Martín), Italian (Venice), etc.: from a personal name (Latin Martinus, a derivative of Mars, genitive Martis, the Roman god of fertility and war, whose name may derive ultimately from a root mar ‘gleam’). This was borne by a famous 4th-century saint, Martin of Tours, and consequently became extremely popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. As a North American surname, this form has absorbed many cognates from other European forms.2 English: habitational name from any of several places so called, principally in Hampshire, Lincolnshire, and Worcestershire, named in Old English as ‘settlement by a lake’ (from mere or mær ‘pool’, ‘lake’ + tūn ‘settlement’) or as ‘settlement by a boundary’ (from (ge)mære ‘boundary’ + tūn ‘settlement’). The place name has been charged from Marton under the influence of the personal name Martin.