U.S. acquires vast tracts of Mexican territory in wake of Mexican War including California and New Mexico.
1853 · First State Fair
The first state fair in North Carolina was held in Raleigh and was put on by the North Carolina State Agricultural Society in 1853. The fair has been continuous except for during the American Civil War and Reconstruction and WWII.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1 English and Scottish: from Middle English bird, brid ‘nestling’, ‘young bird’ (Old English bridd), applied as a nickname or perhaps occasionally as a metonymic occupational name for a bird catcher. The metathesized form is first found in the Northumbrian dialect of Middle English, but the surname is more common in central and southern England. It may possibly also be derived from Old English burde ‘maiden’, ‘girl’, applied as a derisory nickname.2 Irish: Anglicization of Gaelic Ó hÉanacháin or Ó hÉinigh, in which the first element (after Ó) has been taken as Gaelic éan ‘bird’ ( see Heneghan ).3 Jewish: translation of various Ashkenazic surnames meaning ‘bird’, as for example Vogel .