George Washington elected first president of United States.
1789 · The United States Constitution
Originally comprising seven articles, the United States Constitution is the backbone of the law in the Nation. The first three articles talk about the separation of powers, dividing the government into three branches: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. Articles Four, Five and Six describe the what each state governments have rights to do, how the states and the federal government should act in their relationship, and how the constitutional amendments are shared between all states. The Seventh Article explains and establishes the procedure used by the thirteen States to ratify it. It is regarded as the oldest written and codified national constitution in force. Since the Constitution came into force in 1789, it has been amended 27 times, including an amendment to repeal a previous one.
Bill of Rights guarantees individual freedom.
English:1. status name for a steward or official, Middle English bail(l)i (Old French baillis, from Late Latin baiulivus, an adjectival derivative of baiulus ‘attendant’, ‘carrier’ ‘porter’). 2. topographic name for someone who lived by the outer wall of a castle, Middle English bail(l)y, baile ‘outer courtyard of a castle’, from Old French bail(le) ‘enclosure’, a derivative of bailer ‘to enclose’, a word of unknown origin. This term became a place name in its own right, denoting a district beside a fortification or wall, as in the case of the Old Bailey in London, which formed part of the early medieval outer wall of the city. 3. habitational name from Bailey in Lancashire, named with Old English beg ‘berry’ + lēah ‘woodland clearing’. 4. Anglicized form of French Bailly .