U.S. acquires vast tracts of Mexican territory in wake of Mexican War including California and New Mexico.
1854 · The Creation of the Republican Party
A debate continues over the location of the creation of the Republican Party. Some sources claim that the party was formed in Ripon, Wisconsin, on February 28, 1854. Others claim the first meeting of the Republican Party took place in Jackson, Michigan, on July 6, 1854, where the Republican Party was officially organized. Over 1,000 people were present and candidates were selected for the party, thus making it the first Republican convention.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1 English and French: from the Middle English, Old French personal name Salmon, Saumon, a reduced form of Salomon ( see Solomon ).2 Jewish (Ashkenazic): from the Yiddish male personal name Zalmen, derived via a German form from Hebrew Shelomo ( see Solomon ).3 Irish: part translation of Gaelic Ó Bradáin‘descendant of Bradán’, a personal name, probably from bradach ‘spirited’, but written the same as a word meaning ‘salmon’; this name is also sometimes translated Fisher . The English surname is also present in Ireland (chiefly in counties Leix and Kilkenny).