1736– Glocester, Providence, Rhode Island, British Colonial America
The Life of Mary
Mary Barnes was born on 31 October 1736, in Glocester, Providence, Rhode Island, British Colonial America as the daughter of Thomas Barnes and Ruth Swift. She married William Colwell Jr. on 1 August 1762, in Gloucester, Providence, Rhode Island, United States.
The first Jewish Synagogue in America was built in Newport, Rhode Island in 1763. It still stands today, making it the oldest synagogue in the United States.
1772 · The Gaspee Affair
On June 9, 1772, colonists that are angry with the trade restrictions that Britain put them under, board the HMS Gaspee and set it ablaze. This was the first act of violence against the British on the North American continent.
Thomas Jefferson's American Declaration of Independence endorsed by Congress. Colonies declare independence.
1 English: topographic name or metonymic occupational name for someone who lived by or worked at a barn or barns, from Middle English barn ‘barn’, ‘granary’. In some cases, it may be a habitational name from Barnes (on the Surrey bank of the Thames in London), which was named in Old English with this word.2 English: name borne by the son or servant of a barne, a term used in the early Middle Ages for a member of the upper classes, although its precise meaning is not clear (it derives from Old English beorn, Old Norse barn ‘young warrior’). Barne was also occasionally used as a personal name (from an Old English, Old Norse byname), and some examples of the surname may derive from this use.3 Irish: possibly an Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Bearáin ‘descendant of Bearán’, a byname meaning ‘spear’.