When Rebecca J. Smith was born in 1844, in Clinton, Ohio, United States, her father, Austin Toplin Smith, was 34 and her mother, Martha Williams Garland, was 21. She lived in Union Township, Clinton, Ohio, United States in 1850 and Union Township, Huntington, Indiana, United States in 1860.
U.S. acquires vast tracts of Mexican territory in wake of Mexican War including California and New Mexico.
1860 · Ohio supports the Union side of the Civil War
Although divided as a state on the subject of slavery, Ohio participated in the Civil War on the Union's side, providing over 300,000 troops. Ohio provided the 3rd largest number of troops by any Union state.
1875 · A Treaty with Hawaii
In the Mid 1870s, The United States sought out the Kingdom of Hawaii to make a free trade agreement. The Treaty gave the Hawaiians access to the United States agricultural markets and it gave the United States a part of land which later became Pearl Harbor.
English: occupational name for a worker in metal, from Middle English smith (Old English smið, probably a derivative of smītan ‘to strike, hammer’). Metalworking was one of the earliest occupations for which specialist skills were required, and its importance ensured that this term and its equivalents were perhaps the most widespread of all occupational surnames in Europe. Medieval smiths were important not only in making horseshoes, plowshares, and other domestic articles, but above all for their skill in forging swords, other weapons, and armor. This is the most frequent of all American surnames; it has also absorbed, by assimilation and translation, cognates and equivalents from many other languages (for forms, see Hanks and Hodges 1988 ).