Eloisa Chenault

11 February 1821–4 May 1861 (Age 40)
Virginia, United States

The Life of Eloisa

When Eloisa Chenault was born on 11 February 1821, in Virginia, United States, her father, John William Chenault IV, was 30 and her mother, Sarah Jane Westley, was 25. She married Jonathan Martin on 27 November 1839, in Union, Indiana, United States. They were the parents of at least 3 sons and 6 daughters. She lived in Walnut Township, Montgomery, Indiana, United States for about 10 years. She died on 4 May 1861, in Mace, Walnut Township, Montgomery, Indiana, United States, at the age of 40, and was buried in Mace, Walnut Township, Montgomery, Indiana, United States.

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Family Time Line

Jonathan Martin
Eloisa Chenault
Marriage: 27 November 1839
Amanda E Martin
Sarah Rebecca Martin
James Philetus Martin
Mary Jeanette Martin
Mariah L Martin
William Thomas Martin
Jonathan F Martin
Elmira Jane Martin
Laura Indiana Martin

Spouse and Children

27 November 1839
Union, Indiana, United States


    Amanda E Martin


    Sarah Rebecca Martin


    James Philetus Martin


    Mary Jeanette Martin


    Mariah L Martin


+4 More Children

Parents and Siblings



+5 More Children

World Events (8)

1824 · """Mary Randolph Publishes """"The Virginia Housewife"""""""

Age 3

“The Virginia Housewife” was published by Mary Randolph. It was the first cookbook published in America. 
1825 · The Crimes Act

Age 4

The Crimes Act was made to provide a clearer punishment of certain crimes against the United States. Part of it includes: Changing the maximum sentence of imprisonment to be increased from seven to ten years and changing the maximum fine from $5,000 to $10,000.
1832 · The Black Hawk War

Age 11

Convinced that a group of Native American tribes were hostile, The United States formed a frontier militia to stop them in their tracks. Even though Black Hawk was hoping to avoid bloodshed while trying to resettle on tribal land, U.S. officials opened fire on the Native Americans. Black Hawk then responded to this confrontation by successfully attacking the militia at the Battle of Stillman's Run and then left northward. After a few months the militia caught up with Black Hawk and his men and defeated them at the Battle of Wisconsin Heights. While being weakened by hunger, injuries and desertion, Black Hawk and the rest of the many native survivors retreated towards the Mississippi. Unfortunately, Black Hawk and other leaders were later captured when they surrendered to the US forces and were then imprisoned for a year.

Name Meaning

French: topographic name for someone who lived near an irrigation channel, from Old French chenal ‘channel’, ‘pipe’ (Late Latin canalis, a derivative of canna ‘reed’).

Dictionary of American Family Names © Patrick Hanks 2003, 2006.

Possible Related Names

Sources (3)

  • Elisa Martin in household of Jonathan Martin, "United States Census, 1860"
  • Elouisa Martin in household of Jonathan Martin, "United States Census, 1850"
  • Elouisa Chinault in entry for Jonathan Martin, "Indiana Marriages, 1811-2007"

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