English: habitational name from Inkersall in Derbyshire, recorded in the 13th century as Hinkershil(l) and Hinkreshill. The final element is Old English hyll ‘hill’. The first may be the Old Norse personal name Ingvarr or an Old English byname Hynkere meaning ‘limper’. Ekwall suggests that it may represent a contracted version of Old English hīgna æcer ‘monks’ field’.
Dictionary of American Family Names © Patrick Hanks 2003, 2006.