Martha Smith Hancock

August 1831–
Bellefonte, Jackson, Alabama, United States

The Life of Martha Smith

When Martha Smith Hancock was born in August 1831, in Bellefonte, Jackson, Alabama, United States, her father, Fielding Allen Hancock, was 38 and her mother, Susannah Smith, was 33. She married John R Haynes on 20 August 1856, in Jackson, Alabama, United States. She lived in Jackson, Alabama, United States in 1850 and Election Precinct 10 Rockwood, Franklin, Alabama, United States in 1880.

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Family Time Line

John R Haynes
Martha Smith Hancock
Marriage: 20 August 1856

Spouse and Children

20 August 1856
Jackson, Alabama, United States

Parents and Siblings

    Fielding Allen Hancock





    Frances Emily Hancock


    Thomas J Hancock


    Elizabeth Cross Hancock


    Mary Sharp Hancock


    John Benjamin Hancock


+7 More Children

World Events (8)

1832 · The Black Hawk War

Age 1

Convinced that a group of Native American tribes were hostile, The United States formed a frontier militia to stop them in their tracks. Even though Black Hawk was hoping to avoid bloodshed while trying to resettle on tribal land, U.S. officials opened fire on the Native Americans. Black Hawk then responded to this confrontation by successfully attacking the militia at the Battle of Stillman's Run and then left northward. After a few months the militia caught up with Black Hawk and his men and defeated them at the Battle of Wisconsin Heights. While being weakened by hunger, injuries and desertion, Black Hawk and the rest of the many native survivors retreated towards the Mississippi. Unfortunately, Black Hawk and other leaders were later captured when they surrendered to the US forces and were then imprisoned for a year.
1849 · Capitol Building Destroyed by Fire

Age 18

The capitol building in Montgomery was destroyed by fire on December 14, 1849, the 30th anniversary of the state.

Age 32

Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.

Name Meaning

1 English: from the Middle English personal name Hann + the hypocoristic suffix -cok, which was commonly added to personal names ( see Cocke ).2 Dutch: from Middle Dutch hanecoc ‘winkle’, ‘periwinkle’ (a type of shellfish), probably a metonymic occupational name for someone who gathered and sold shellfish.

Dictionary of American Family Names © Patrick Hanks 2003, 2006.

Possible Related Names

Sources (3)

  • Martha Haynes in household of J R Haynes, "United States Census, 1880"
  • Martha Hancock in household of A F Hancock, "United States Census, 1850"
  • Martha Hancock, "Alabama County Marriages, 1809-1950"

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