When Martha Elizabeth Earp was born on 25 September 1845, in Monmouth, Warren, Illinois, United States, her father, Nicholas Porter Earp, was 32 and her mother, Virginia Ann Cooksey, was 24. She lived in Lake Prairie Township, Marion, Iowa, United States in 1850. She died on 26 May 1856, in Davis, Iowa, United States, at the age of 10.
U.S. acquires vast tracts of Mexican territory in wake of Mexican War including California and New Mexico.
Iowa is the 29th state.
1856 · The Largest Map Company in the World
William Rand opened a small printing shop in Chicago. Doing most of the work himself for the first two years he decided to hire some help. Rand Hired Andrew McNally, an Irish Immigrant, to work in his shop. After doing business with the Chicago Tribune, Rand and McNally were hired to run the Tribune's entire printing operation. Years later, Rand and McNally established Rand McNally & Co after purchasing the Tribune's printing business. They focused mainly on printing tickets, complete railroad guides and timetables for the booming railroad industry around the city. What made the company successful was the detailed maps of roadways, along with directions to certain places. Rand McNally was the first major map publisher to embrace a system of numbered highways and erected many of the roadside highway signs that have been adopted by state and federal highway authorities. The company is still making and updating the world maps that are looked at every day.
English (Staffordshire, Warwickshire, and Derbyshire): nickname from Middle English erp, irpe, orp, an unrecorded survival of Old English earp, ierpe, and eorp ‘swarthy’.