John Wycliffe, English theologian and professor at the University of Oxford, completed a translation of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate into Middle English. This translation is known as Wycliffe's Bible and was completed around 1382.
1455 · Wars of the Roses
Wars of the Roses was a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England between the royal families House of Lancaster and the House of York. The name of the war was derived as the red rose was the symbol of the Lancastrians and the white rose was the symbol of the Yorks.