Ermina Eminence Crowley

Brief Life History of Ermina Eminence

When Ermina Eminence Crowley was born on 10 September 1871, in Guerneville, Sonoma, California, United States, her father, James S Crowley, was 42 and her mother, Martha Melvina Gibbins, was 32. She married Fred Albert Smith on 23 December 1894, in Lookout, Modoc, California, United States. They were the parents of at least 4 sons and 4 daughters. She lived in Lassen, California, United States in 1900 and Alturas, Modoc, California, United States for about 20 years. She died on 9 September 1957, in Siskiyou, California, United States, at the age of 85, and was buried in Alturas Cemetery, Alturas, Modoc, California, United States.

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Family Time Line

Fred Albert Smith
Ermina Eminence Crowley
Marriage: 23 December 1894
Nolan Walter Smith
Albert James Smith
Doris Adair Smith
Carmen Patty Emerald Smith
Carol Myrna Smith
Merrill Eldon Smith
Kathryn Marcella SMITH
Robert " Bobby" Louis Smith

Sources (14)

  • Mina E Smith in household of Frederick A Smith, "United States Census, 1900"
  • Legacy NFS Source: Ermina Eminence Crowley - Government record: birth-name: Ermina Crowley
  • Ermina Emmanance Smith, "California Death Index, 1940-1997"

World Events (8)

1872 · The First National Park

Yellowstone National Park was given the title of the first national park by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant. It is also believed to be the first national park in the world.

1872 · The Modoc War

Hostilities between Modoc Indians and white settlers resulted in the Modoc War during 1872-1873. A Modoc band of nearly 200 people, led by Captain Jack Kintpuash, was fleeing a forced relocation to a reservation occupied by their enemies, the Klamaths. The band had returned to their former land on Lost River, which now had white settlers occupying the area. The conflict erupted on November 29, 1872, when 40 troops were sent to move the Modocs back to the reservation. An argument erupted and shots were fired. Several were killed and the Modocs fled to “The Stronghold,” a large, cavernous lava bed. The holdout went on for months with several clashes. On April 11, 1873, General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby and Reverend Eleazar Thomas were killed by the Modocs during a negotiation. The Modocs lacked resources and supplies and eventually surrendered on July 4. In total, 2 Modocs and 71 enlisted military men lost their lives.

1896 · Plessy vs. Ferguson

A landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court upholding the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities if the segregated facilities were equal in quality. It's widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history.

Name Meaning

Some characteristic forenames: Irish Brendan, Brennan, Kieran, Aileen, Assumpta, Bridie, Declan, Donovan, Kaitlin, Kevin Patrick, Maeve, Patrick Joseph.

Irish (Cork): Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Cruadhlaoich ‘descendant of Cruadhlaoch’, a personal name composed of the elements cruadh ‘hardy’ + laoch ‘hero’. There has been some confusion with Crawley .

English: variant of Crawley .

Dictionary of American Family Names © Patrick Hanks 2003, 2006.

Possible Related Names

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