When James Thompson was born about 1788, in Longham, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom, his father, James Thompson, was 42 and his mother, Elizabeth Elliot, was 28. He married Ann about 1814, in Newry, County Down, Ireland. They were the parents of at least 3 sons and 3 daughters.
English: patronymic from the Middle English personal name T(h)om(me) (see Thom ) + -son ‘son of Tom’. Thomson is usually the Scottish form, that with the intrusive -p- being English. Both forms are common in Ireland. The surname Thompson is also very common among African Americans.
Americanized form of Danish, Norwegian, and North German Thomsen and of its Swedish cognate Thomsson. Compare Thomson .