Canberra is founded and designated as the capital. The Federal Capital Territory is established as an area of two 360 square kilometers in the Yass-Canberra district.
August: Australia becomes involved in World War One as Britain is preparing to declare war on Germany.
Australian troops sent to fight in South African War.
1 English (southwest): occupational name for a roofer (tiler or thatcher), from an agent derivative of Middle English hele(n) ‘to cover’ (Old English helian).2 French: from the personal name Hillier ( see Hillary ).