1738–1818 (Age 80) Burlington, New Jersey, United States
The Life of Israel
When Israel Smith was born in 1738, in Burlington, New Jersey, United States, his father, Jasper Smith Jr., was 38 and his mother, Kezia, was 36. He married Joanna Hill in 1763. They were the parents of at least 3 sons and 2 daughters. He died in 1818, at the age of 80.
"During the six-year Revolutionary war, more of the fights took place in New Jersey than any other colony. Over 296 engagements between opposing forces were recorded. One of the largest conflicts of the entire war took place between Morristown and Middlebrook, referred to as the ""Ten Crucial Days"" and remembered by the famous phrase ""the times that try men's souls"". The revolution won some of their most desperately needed victories during this time."
Thomas Jefferson's American Declaration of Independence endorsed by Congress. Colonies declare independence.
"Sometimes referred to as the ""forgotten victory"", the Battle of Springfield was one of the last major battles fought in the north during the Revolutionary War. The British defeat effectively ended their ambitions to reclaim New Jersey. Washington praised the New Jersey Militia for their universal effort and great spirit"
English: occupational name for a worker in metal, from Middle English smith (Old English smið, probably a derivative of smītan ‘to strike, hammer’). Metalworking was one of the earliest occupations for which specialist skills were required, and its importance ensured that this term and its equivalents were perhaps the most widespread of all occupational surnames in Europe. Medieval smiths were important not only in making horseshoes, plowshares, and other domestic articles, but above all for their skill in forging swords, other weapons, and armor. This is the most frequent of all American surnames; it has also absorbed, by assimilation and translation, cognates and equivalents from many other languages (for forms, see Hanks and Hodges 1988 ).