1802 · John Playfair publishes summary of James Hutton's theories of geology.
In 1802, John Playfair published the Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth. His influence was by James Hutton’s knowledge of the earth’s geology.
The defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo marks the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Napoleon defeated and exiled to St. Helena.
1817 · Dryburgh Abbey Bridge
Dryburgh Abbey Bridge was a cable-stayed footbridge that connected the villages of Dryburgh and St. Boswells, across the River Tweed. Before its construction, A ferry crossing service had existed here for centuries. It was originally 79 meters long and was undergoing a period of rapid growth in popularity. The Bridge was completed on August 1 but a few months later it collapsed. Very shortly after the collapse, another bridge was built further downstream. A new bridge, which still stands today, was constructed after the first World War.
English: occupational name for a worker in metal, from Middle English smith (Old English smið, probably a derivative of smītan ‘to strike, hammer’). Metalworking was one of the earliest occupations for which specialist skills were required, and its importance ensured that this term and its equivalents were perhaps the most widespread of all occupational surnames in Europe. Medieval smiths were important not only in making horseshoes, plowshares, and other domestic articles, but above all for their skill in forging swords, other weapons, and armor. This is the most frequent of all American surnames; it has also absorbed, by assimilation and translation, cognates and equivalents from many other languages (for forms, see Hanks and Hodges 1988 ).