Napoleon abdicated his throne and Italy was broken up into small kingdoms.
Small revolutions in the kingdoms. Venice, Rome and Tuscany declare themselves Republics.
Austria regains control of most of Italy.
French: from the personal name Arman(d) or Harman(d), which is of Germanic origin, composed of the elements hardi ‘bold’, ‘hardy’ + man ‘man’, with excrescent -d. This surname is also found in Germany as a Huguenot name.