When Henry Archer was born about 1736, in Virginia, United States, his father, John Field Archer II, was 38 and his mother, Sarah Randolph, was 22. He married Mary Randolph on 22 February 1776, in Amelia, Virginia, British Colonial America. They were the parents of at least 3 sons. He died in 1791, at the age of 56.
English and French: from Middle English archere, Anglo-Norman French archer, Old French archier ‘bowman’, hence an occupational name for an archer. This Norman French word partially replaced the native English word bowman in the 14th century. In North America, this surname may have absorbed some cases of European cognates such as French Archier. Compare Larcher .
German: from an agent derivative of Old High German archa ‘mill-race’ (from Latin arca ‘chest, box’). This surname is rare in Germany.
Germanized form of Slovenian Arhar: German-influenced patronymic from the personal name Arh (see Arch 3), an old vernacular equivalent of Henry . Alternatively, perhaps a topographic name derived from Old High German archa ‘mill-race’ (see 2 above), hence a cognate of Slovenian Rakar (see Raker 4).