When Jacob Arney was born on 23 June 1800, in Wythe, Virginia, United States, his father, Horton Arney, was 25 and his mother, Anna Maria Phillippi, was 23. He married Sarah Salome Litz about 1830, in Wythe, Virginia, United States. They were the parents of at least 2 sons and 6 daughters. He died on 20 July 1868, in Cripple Creek, Wythe, Virginia, United States, at the age of 68.
English: perhaps from the Middle English personal name Ernwi (Old English Earnwīg, composed of the elements earn ‘eagle’ + wīg ‘battle’). If so, the surname shows the unexceptional loss of -w- in the unstressed syllable following -n-.
In some cases an Americanized form of German or Swedish Arne .
In some cases also an Americanized form of Norwegian Arnøy: habitational name from any of a number of farmsteads named for the islands on which they stand; the original derivation of such names being either from the Old Norse personal name Arni, or from ǫrn ‘eagle’ + øy ‘island’.