When James Clark was born in 1745, in Middlesex, Middlesex, New Jersey, British Colonial America, his father, James Clark, was 37 and his mother, Anna Wood, was 33. He married Esther Marsh in 1766. They were the parents of at least 1 son and 3 daughters. He died on 23 September 1794, in Scotch Plains, Union, New Jersey, United States, at the age of 49, and was buried in Scotch Plains, Union, New Jersey, United States.
English: from Middle English clerk, clark ‘clerk, cleric, writer’ (Old French clerc; see Clerc ). The original sense was ‘man in a religious order, cleric, clergyman’. As all writing and secretarial work in medieval Christian Europe was normally done by members of the clergy, the term clerk came to mean ‘scholar, secretary, recorder, or penman’ as well as ‘cleric’. As a surname, it was particularly common for one who had taken only minor holy orders. In medieval Christian Europe, clergy in minor orders were permitted to marry and so found families; thus the surname could become established.
Irish (Westmeath, Mayo): in Ireland the English surname was frequently adopted, partly by translation for Ó Cléirigh; see Cleary .
Americanized form of Dutch De Klerk or Flemish De Clerck or of variants of these names, and possibly also of French Clerc . Compare Clerk 2 and De Clark .