When Caleb Churchman was born on 4 November 1783, in Prince George's, Maryland, United States, his father, Edward Churchman, was 26 and his mother, Rebecca Peirce, was 17. He married Martha Shelley on 1 September 1808, in Chester, Pennsylvania, United States. They were the parents of at least 3 sons and 5 daughters. He lived in Chester Monthly Meeting, Delaware, Pennsylvania, United States in 1850. He died on 23 March 1864, at the age of 80, and was buried in Chester Rural Cemetery, Chester, Delaware, Pennsylvania, United States.
English: from Middle English chirch(e)man ‘clergyman; churchwarden; lay official responsible for church finances’. The earliest examples would have denoted a custodian or keeper of a church (Old English cyriceman), not a clergyman, though the earlier sense had probably been superseded by the time the surname arose.
Possibly an Americanized form (translation into English) of German Kirchmann (see Kirchman ).