Thomas Jefferson's American Declaration of Independence endorsed by Congress. Colonies declare independence.
1776 · The Declaration to the King
"""At the end of the Second Continental Congress the 13 colonies came together to petition independence from King George III. With no opposing votes, the Declaration of Independence was drafted and ready for all delegates to sign on the Fourth of July 1776. While many think the Declaration was to tell the King that they were becoming independent, its true purpose was to be a formal explanation of why the Congress voted together to declare their independence from Britain. The Declaration also is home to one of the best-known sentences in the English language, stating, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."""""""
1780 · Richmond Becomes the Capital
On April 18, 1780 Richmond became the capital of Virginia. It was the temporary capital from 1780-1788.
1 English: from a Middle English personal name, Elyat, Elyt. This represents at least two Old English personal names which have fallen together: the male name Aðelgēat (composed of the elements aðel ‘noble’ + Gēat, a tribal name; see Jocelyn ), and the female personal name Aðelgȳð (composed of the elements aðel ‘noble’ + gȳð ‘battle’). The Middle English name seems also to have absorbed various other personal names of Old English or Continental Germanic origin, as for example Old English Ælfweald ( see Ellwood ).2 English: from a pet form of Ellis .3 Scottish: Anglicized form of the originally distinct Gaelic surname Elloch, Eloth, a topographic name from Gaelic eileach ‘dam’, ‘mound’, ‘bank’. Compare Eliot .