Rachel (Taylor) Bartlett was born in Danbury, Fairfield Co, CT on 16 Jun 1754, the daughter of Capt. Daniel Jr. & Elizabeth Boughton) Taylor. Rachel Taylor and Russell Bartlett were married by the Rev. Ebenezer Baldwin in the Danbury First Congregational Church on 28 Feb 1776. To their union were born 7 children: Clare Bartlett & Flora (Bartlett) Wight in Redding, Fairfield Co, CT, Daniel Bartlett, Russell Bartlett Jr, Townsend Bartlett, Eunice (Bartlett) Worthington, and Hiram Bartlett in Sharon, Litchfield Co, CT, and Elizabeth (Bartlett) Cooper / Benjamin in Cooperstown, Otsego Co, NY. Rachel (Taylor) Bartlett sustained her share of grief during the Revolutionary War, as did many American patriot families. The house of Rachel’s parents was torched during the British raid on Danbury, CT in April of 1777, and her husband Russell was captured by the British during that raid, spending that summer as a POW in New York City. Rachel’s father served his country during the war as a member of the General Assembly of Connecticut during the period 1776-1780. He also served in the Connecticut State Legislature after the war, during the period 1785-1787. Capt. Daniel Taylor Jr.'s military rank came not from service during the Revolutionary War, but from his service in the Danbury Train Band (local militia) years earlier. He was commissioned an Ensign in May 1752, and was recommissioned a Captain in May 1754. Capt. Daniel Taylor Jr. was a grandson of Thomas Taylor, one of the first settlers of Danbury, and was the great grandson of John Taylor, one of the founders of Windsor, Connecticut. In 1777, Russell & Rachel Bartlett moved from Danbury to Redding, CT. In 1781, the moved to Sharon, CT, where most of their children were born. In 1792, they moved to Cooperstown, Otsego Co, NY, and in 1812 they moved onward to a farm in Hartwick Twp, Otsego Co, NY, which would be their final home. Russell & Rachel died on the farm, and are buried in Cooperstown.
English, Scottish, and Irish: occupational name for a tailor, from Anglo-Norman French, Middle English taillour ‘tailor’ (Old French tailleor, tailleur; Late Latin taliator, from taliare ‘to cut’). The surname is extremely common in Britain and Ireland. In North America, it has absorbed equivalents from other languages, many of which are also common among Ashkenazic Jews, for example German Schneider and Hungarian Szabo . It is also very common among African Americans.
In some cases also an Americanized form of French Terrien ‘owner of a farmland’ or of its altered forms, such as Therrien and Terrian .