When Hester Harkness was born in August 1862, in Illinois, United States, her father, Robert Harkness, was 31 and her mother, Betsey Frances Mallory, was 24. She married William Gibson Sharp on 30 November 1898, in Salt Lake, Utah, United States. She lived in Wisconsin, United States in 1870 and Salt Lake, Utah, United States in 1900.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1867 · The First Successful Typewriter is Invented
A patent was filed on October 11, 1867, on a new direct action typewriter. The patent was filed by Christopher Latham Sholes, Carlos Glidden, and Samuel Soule who had invented the prototype in Milwaukee.
1893 · The World's Columbian Exposition
Also known as the Chicago World's Fair, The Exposition was held to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the New World. The centerpiece of the Fair was a large water pool that represented Columbus's voyage across the Atlantic to the Americas. The Fair had a profound effect on new architecture designs, sanitation advancement, and the arts. The Fairgrounds were given the nickname the White City due to its lavish paint and materials used to constuct it. Over 27 million people attended the fair during its six-month of operation. Among many of the invetions exhibited there was the first Ferris wheel built to rival the Eiffel Tower in France.
Scottish (Dumfriesshire and Lanarkshire): apparently a habitational name from an unidentified place (perhaps in the area of Annandale, Dumfriesshire, with which the surname is connected in early records). The surname is also established in northern Ireland, where it was taken in the 17th century by settlers from Dumfriesshire.
History: A descendant of the Dumfriesshire family of this name, Stephen V. Harkness (died 1888), amassed a fortune in the US oil industry and was a partner of John D. Rockefeller, Sr; his son, Edward Stephen Harkness (born 1874 in Cleveland, OH) was the president of the philanthropic Commonwealth Fund in the US and a founder of the Pilgrim Trust in Britain.