When James Malcom Long was born about 1850, in Missouri, United States, his father, Thomas Long, was 26 and his mother, Mary Jane Robert, was 24. He married Cassandra J. Roberts on 1 September 1870, in Jefferson, Missouri, United States. They were the parents of at least 1 son and 1 daughter.
In 1860, the Pony Express used men riding on horseback to carry mail between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1881 · The Assassination of James Garfield
Garfield was shot twice by Charles J. Guitea at Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. After eleven weeks of intensive and other care Garfield died in Elberon, New Jersey, the second of four presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
1 English and French: nickname for a tall person, from Old English lang, long, Old French long ‘long’, ‘tall’ (equivalent to Latin longus).2 Irish (Ulster (Armagh) and Munster): reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Longáin ( see Langan ).3 Chinese 龙: from the name of an official treasurer called Long, who lived during the reign of the model emperor Shun ( 2257–2205 bc ). his descendants adopted this name as their surname. Additionally, a branch of the Liu clan ( see Lau 1), descendants of Liu Lei , who supposedly had the ability to handle dragons, was granted the name Yu-Long (meaning roughly ‘resistor of dragons’) by the Xia emperor Kong Jia ( 1879–1849 bc ). Some descendants later simplified Yu-Long to Long and adopted it as their surname.