Restoration and constitutional monarchy (Louis XVIII, Charles X). Revolution of 1830. Reign of Louis-Philippe. Economic prosperity. Rapid development of industrialization. First railways. First colonies established.
1815 · The 100 Days
The hundred days referred to the days when Napoleon arrived after escaping exile and the date that Louis XVIII returned to Paris. It ended when Napoleon was captured again.
1836 · Arc de Triomphe
The Arc de Triomphe was made specifically right before Napoleon I victory in Austerlitz in 1806 and took 30 years to build. Sadly Napoleon I would not live to see the creation finished. It’s name means triumphal arch. Assassination attempts were made on both Charles De Gaulle and Jacques Chirac from this location. Even though its name means triumph it has seen many times where Germans triumphally marched under it after winning battles.
1 English, Scottish, Irish, French, Dutch, German, Czech, Slovak, Spanish (Martín), Italian (Venice), etc.: from a personal name (Latin Martinus, a derivative of Mars, genitive Martis, the Roman god of fertility and war, whose name may derive ultimately from a root mar ‘gleam’). This was borne by a famous 4th-century saint, Martin of Tours, and consequently became extremely popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. As a North American surname, this form has absorbed many cognates from other European forms.2 English: habitational name from any of several places so called, principally in Hampshire, Lincolnshire, and Worcestershire, named in Old English as ‘settlement by a lake’ (from mere or mær ‘pool’, ‘lake’ + tūn ‘settlement’) or as ‘settlement by a boundary’ (from (ge)mære ‘boundary’ + tūn ‘settlement’). The place name has been charged from Marton under the influence of the personal name Martin.