The Irish Potato Famine. Many Irish emigrate to America. Irish population drops from 8 million to 6 million due to death from starvation or emigration.
Irish War of Independence against Britain ending in the Anglo Irish Treaty.
In the Government of Ireland Act 1920, Ireland was partitioned, with the unionist-dominated north east becoming Northern Ireland.
1 English, Scottish, and Irish: from Middle English whit ‘white’, hence a nickname for someone with white hair or an unnaturally pale complexion. In some cases it represents a Middle English personal name, from an Old English byname, Hwīt(a), of this origin. As a Scottish and Irish surname it has been widely used as a translation of the many Gaelic names based on bán ‘white’ ( see Bain 1) or fionn ‘fair’ ( see Finn 1). There has also been some confusion with Wight .2 Translated form of cognate and equivalent names in other languages, such as German Weiss , French Blanc , Polish Białas ( see Bialas ), etc.