The Scottish National Antarctic Expedition was organized and led by William Speirs Bruce. Him along with Robert Falcon Scott’s Discovery Expedition completed an exploration of Antarctica. They established the first manned meteorological station, the Orcadas, in 1903 and discovered new land east of the Weddell Sea. The expedition was described as the most cost-effective and carefully planned scientific expedition of the Heroic Age. The Orcadas weather station has been in continuous operation ever since.
London, United Kingdom hosts Summer Olympic Games.
Outbreak of World War I. UK enters hostilities against Germany. Grueling trench warfare in Belgium and France.
1 Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from modern German Gold, Yiddish gold ‘gold’. In North America it is often a reduced form of one of the many compound ornamental names of which Gold is the first element.2 English and German: from Old English, Old High German gold ‘gold’, applied as a metonymic occupational name for someone who worked in gold, i.e. a refiner, jeweler, or gilder, or as a nickname for someone who either had many gold possessions or bright yellow hair.3 English: from an Old English personal name Golda (or the feminine Golde), which persisted into the Middle Ages as a personal name. The name was in part a byname from gold ‘gold’, and in part a short form of the various compound names with this first element.