Due to the state’s financial crisis during the previous decade and growing criticism toward state government. Voters approve the Constitution of 1851 which forbade the state government from going into debt.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1881 · The Assassination of James Garfield
Garfield was shot twice by Charles J. Guitea at Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. After eleven weeks of intensive and other care Garfield died in Elberon, New Jersey, the second of four presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.