Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · Battle of Gettysburg
The three day Battle of Gettysburg was one of the bloodiest of the American Civil War. Between the Confederates and Unions, somewhere between 46,000 and 51,000 people died that day.
1881 · The Assassination of James Garfield
Garfield was shot twice by Charles J. Guitea at Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. After eleven weeks of intensive and other care Garfield died in Elberon, New Jersey, the second of four presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
1 Irish: reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Finn ‘descendant of Fionn ’, a byname meaning ‘white’ or ‘fairhaired’. This name is borne by several families in the west of Ireland.2 English: from the Old Norse personal name Finnr ‘Finn’, used both as a byname and as a short form of various compound names with this first element.3 German: ethnic name for someone from Finland.