Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1865 · Sultana Tragedy
In April of 1865, the steamboat the Sultana exploded. The Civil War had been over for awhile so this was considered the worst maritime disaster in US history. Compared to the Titanic where 1,512 people were killed, 1,8000 soldiers were killed on the Sultana. Confederate soldiers that weeks earlier had been fighting with Union soldiers were now fighting to save their lives.
1896 · Plessy vs. Ferguson
A landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court upholding the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities if the segregated facilities were equal in quality. It's widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history.
English: patronymic from Mathew ; a variant spelling of Matthews . In the U.S., this form has absorbed some European cognates such as German Matthäus.