1868 · The Representation of the people (Scotland) Act 1868
The Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868 was passed by Parliament and allowed for the creation of seven additional Scottish seats in the House of Commons. Along with the seats, Two University constituencies were created. These each returned one member to Parliament.
Art Nouveau Period (Art and Antiques).
London, United Kingdom hosts Summer Olympic Games.
English: occupational name for a worker in metal, from Middle English smith (Old English smið, probably a derivative of smītan ‘to strike, hammer’). Metalworking was one of the earliest occupations for which specialist skills were required, and its importance ensured that this term and its equivalents were perhaps the most widespread of all occupational surnames in Europe. Medieval smiths were important not only in making horseshoes, plowshares, and other domestic articles, but above all for their skill in forging swords, other weapons, and armor. This is the most frequent of all American surnames; it has also absorbed, by assimilation and translation, cognates and equivalents from many other languages (for forms, see Hanks and Hodges 1988 ).